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Integer part

Let \(\lfloor x\rfloor \) denote the integer part of \(x\) (eg. \(\lfloor 7.8\rfloor =7\)).
When are the following true:
a) \(\lfloor x+1\rfloor = \lfloor x\rfloor + 1\)
b) \(\lfloor nx\rfloor = n\lfloor x\rfloor\) (where \(n\) is an integer)
c) \(\lfloor x+y\rfloor = \lfloor x\rfloor +\lfloor y\rfloor \)
d) \(\lfloor xy\rfloor = \lfloor x\rfloor \lfloor y\rfloor \)

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