# Puzzles

## Unit octagon

The diagram shows a regular octagon with sides of length 1. The octagon is divided into regions by four diagonals. What is the difference between the area of the hatched region and the area of the region shaded grey?

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Name the regions as follows:

\(E\) is a 1×1 square. Placed together, \(A\), \(C\), \(G\) and \(I\) also make a 1×1 square. \(B\) is equal to \(H\) and \(D\) is equal to \(F\).

Therefore \(B+E+F=A+C+D+G+H+I\). Therefore the hatched region is \(C\) larger than the shaded region. The area of \(C\) (and therefore the difference) is \(\frac{1}{4}\).

#### Extension

What is the difference between the shaded and the hatched regions in this dodecagon?