# Puzzles

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Source: New Scientist Enigma 1773

The diagram below shows a triangle \(ABC\). The line \(CE\) is perpendicular to \(AB\) and the line \(AD\) is perpedicular to \(BC\).

The side \(AC\) is 6.5cm long and the lines \(CE\) and \(AD\) are 5.6cm and 6.0cm respectively.

How long are the other two sides of the triangle?

## Equal Side and Angle

Source: Jim Noble on Twitter

In the diagram shown, the lengths \(AD = CD\) and the angles \(ABD=CBD\).

Prove that the lengths \(AB=BC\).

## Sine

A sine curve can be created with five people by giving the following instructions to the five people:

A. Stand on the spot.

B. Walk around A in a circle, holding this string to keep you the same distance away.

C. Stay in line with B, staying on this line.

D. Walk in a straight line perpendicular to C's line.

E. Stay in line with C and D. E will trace the path of a sine curve as shown here:

What instructions could you give to five people to trace a cos(ine) curve?

What instructions could you give to five people to trace a tan(gent) curve?

## Arccos + Arcsin

What is the value of \(\arccos(x) + \arcsin(x)\)?