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Source: New York Times
In a very strange country, the tax system works as follows.
£1, £2, £3 up to £12 are available.
You pick an amount. You keep this amount, but the taxman takes any factors of it. You cannot pick any amount without a factor.
This continues until you can take no more money. The taxman gets any remaining money.
For example, you might play as follows:
- Take £12. Taxman gets £1, £2, £3, £4, £6.
- Take £10. Taxman gets £5.
- You cannot take anything. Taxman gets £7, £8, £9, £11.
In this example, you end with £22 and the taxman ends with £56.
Is it possible to get more money than the taxman? What is the most you can get?
When Dad gave out the pocket money, Amy received twice as much as her first brother, three times as much as the second, four times as much as the third and five times as much as the last brother. Peter complained that he had received 30p less than Tom.
Use this information to find all the possible amounts of money that Amy could have received.