# Puzzles

## Archive

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#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LIX

Turning SquaresElastic Numbers

Square Pairs

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LVIII

Factorial PatternPlacing Plates

#### Advent Calendar 2016

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LVII

Largest Odd FactorsList of All Puzzles

## Tags

time geometry 2d shapes 3d shapes numbers spheres trigonometry complex numbers algebra lines graphs coordinates odd numbers fractions differentiation calculus folding tube maps ellipses triangle numbers money bases triangles squares area square numbers chess probability circles averages speed sport multiples dates factors parabolas functions logic cards games people maths shape prime numbers irreducible numbers probabilty angles proportion dice integration sum to infinity dodecagons hexagons multiplication factorials coins shapes regular shapes colouring grids floors integers rugby crosswords percentages digits sums rectangles clocks menace routes taxicab geometry remainders chalkdust crossnumber palindromes sequences means unit fractions division square roots surds doubling quadratics indices symmetry planes volume number partitions ave pascal's triangle mean advent arrows## Elastic Numbers

*Throughout this puzzle, expressions like \(AB\) will represent the digits of a number, not \(A\) multiplied by \(B\).*

A two-digit number \(AB\) is called

*elastic*if:- \(A\) and \(B\) are both non-zero.
- The numbers \(A0B\), \(A00B\), \(A000B\), ... are all divisible by \(AB\).

There are three elastic numbers. Can you find them?

## 18 December

The smallest number whose sum of digits is 25.

## 10 December

The smallest number that is equal to the sum of its digits
multiplied by ten more than the sum of its digits.

## 6 December

When you add up the digits of a number, the result is called the digital sum.

How many different digital sums do the numbers from 1 to 10

^{91}have?** There was a mistake in this question (it previously said 10

^{92}). If you answered the typo'd question right, your answer should automatically correct itself to 9 less than it was...## 1 December

One of the digits of today's number was removed to leave a two digit number.
This two digit number was added to today's number.
The result was 619.

## Santa

Each of the letters D, A, Y, S, N, T, B, R and E represents a different non-zero digit. The following sum is true:

$$
\begin{array}{cccccc}
D&A&D&D&Y\\
B&E&A&R&D&+\\
\hline
S&A&N&T&A
\end{array}
$$
This has a unique solution, but I haven't found a way to find the solution without brute force. This less insightful sum is also true with the same values of the letters (and should allow you to find the values of the letters using logic alone):

$$
\begin{array}{ccccc}
R&A&T&S\\
N&E&R&D&+\\
\hline
S&A&N&E
\end{array}
$$