# Puzzles

## Archive

Show me a random puzzle**Most recent collections**

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXVII

Coloured weightsNot Roman numerals

#### Advent calendar 2018

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXVI

Cryptic crossnumber #2#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXV

Cryptic crossnumber #1Breaking Chocolate

Square and cube endings

List of all puzzles

## Tags

palindromes routes sport 2d shapes dice symmetry balancing money cube numbers factorials mean 3d shapes colouring area percentages prime numbers chess rugby clocks fractions shape trigonometry folding tube maps books circles differentiation perfect numbers factors spheres probability digits averages division coordinates speed sequences taxicab geometry doubling time proportion arrows probabilty angles people maths volume means scales wordplay ave graphs sum to infinity logic irreducible numbers addition calculus number triangles surds algebra ellipses odd numbers regular shapes christmas multiplication lines unit fractions grids hexagons multiples numbers triangle numbers rectangles shapes floors remainders star numbers menace quadratics cryptic crossnumbers bases pascal's triangle sums polygons crosswords square roots parabolas crossnumbers complex numbers integers squares square numbers cards advent geometry chalkdust crossnumber games coins chocolate integration partitions dates dodecagons indices perimeter functions planes cryptic clues## 15 December

Today's number is smallest three digit palindrome whose digits are all non-zero, and that is not divisible by any of its digits.

## 20 December

What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(10a+27b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are nonnegative integers (ie \(a\) and \(b\) can be 0, 1, 2, 3, ...)?

## Elastic numbers

*Throughout this puzzle, expressions like \(AB\) will represent the digits of a number, not \(A\) multiplied by \(B\).*

A two-digit number \(AB\) is called

*elastic*if:- \(A\) and \(B\) are both non-zero.
- The numbers \(A0B\), \(A00B\), \(A000B\), ... are all divisible by \(AB\).

There are three elastic numbers. Can you find them?

## 14 December

In July, I posted the Combining Multiples puzzle.

Today's number is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(27a+17b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers (or 0).

## Combining multiples

In each of these questions, positive integers should be taken to include 0.

1. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(3a+5b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

2. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(3a+7b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

3. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(10a+11b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

4. Given \(n\) and \(m\), what is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(na+mb\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

## Subsum

1) In a set of three integers, will there always be two integers whose sum is even?

2) How many integers must there be in a set so that there will always be three integers in the set whose sum is a multiple of 3?

3) How many integers must there be in a set so that there will always be four integers in the set whose sum is even?

4) How many integers must there be in a set so that there will always be three integers in the set whose sum is even?

## Fill in the digits

Source: Chalkdust

Can you place the digits 1 to 9 in the boxes so that the three digit numbers formed in the top, middle and bottom rows are multiples of 17, 25 and 9 (respectively); and the three digit numbers in the left, middle and right columns are multiples of 11, 16 and 12 (respectively)?

## Always a multiple?

Source: nrich

Take a two digit number. Reverse the digits and add the result to your original number. Your answer is multiple of 11.

Prove that the answer will be a multiple of 11 for any starting number.

Will this work with three digit numbers? Four digit numbers? \(n\) digit numbers?