# Puzzles

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#### Advent calendar 2017

#### Sunday afternoon maths LXII

What's the star?#### Sunday afternoon maths LXI

XYZ#### Sunday afternoon maths LX

Where is Evariste?Bending a straw

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time geometry 2d shapes 3d shapes numbers spheres trigonometry complex numbers algebra lines graphs coordinates odd numbers fractions differentiation calculus folding tube maps ellipses triangle numbers money bases triangles squares area square numbers chess probability circles averages speed sport multiples dates factors parabolas functions logic cards games people maths shape prime numbers irreducible numbers probabilty angles proportion dice integration sum to infinity dodecagons hexagons multiplication factorials coins shapes regular shapes colouring grids floors integers rugby crosswords percentages digits sums christmas rectangles clocks menace routes taxicab geometry remainders chalkdust crossnumber palindromes sequences means unit fractions division square roots surds doubling quadratics indices planes volume number partitions ave pascal's triangle mean advent symmetry arrows addition cube numbers star numbers perfect numbers## What is the sum?

What is \(\displaystyle\frac{1}{\sqrt{1}+\sqrt{2}}+\frac{1}{\sqrt{2}+\sqrt{3}}+...+\frac{1}{\sqrt{15}+\sqrt{16}}\)?

## 19 December

1 = 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/16. This is the sum of 5 unit fractions (the numerators are 1).

In how many different ways can 1 be written as the sum of 5 unit fractions? (the same fractions in a different order are considered the same sum.)

## Shooting hoops

Source: Alex Bolton

You spend an afternoon practising throwing a basketball through a hoop.

One hour into the afternoon, you have scored less than 75% of your shots. At the end of the afternoon, you have score more than 75% of your shots.

Is there a point in the afternoon when you had scored exactly 75% of your shots?

## Odd sums

What is \(\frac{1+3}{5+7}\)?

What is \(\frac{1+3+5}{7+9+11}\)?

What is \(\frac{1+3+5+7}{9+11+13+15}\)?

What is \(\frac{1+3+5+7+9}{11+13+15+17+19}\)?

What is \(\frac{\mathrm{sum\ of\ the\ first\ }n\mathrm{\ odd\ numbers}}{\mathrm{sum\ of\ the\ next\ }n\mathrm{\ odd\ numbers}}\)?