# Puzzles

## Archive

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#### Advent calendar 2018

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXVI

Cryptic crossnumber #2#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXV

Cryptic crossnumber #1Breaking Chocolate

Square and cube endings

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXIV

Equal lengthsDigitless factor

Backwards fours

List of all puzzles

## Tags

factorials rectangles number differentiation sum to infinity volume functions arrows logic integers cryptic clues star numbers mean dates calculus perimeter sums dodecagons doubling shapes time angles factors christmas people maths proportion multiplication advent ave indices floors numbers ellipses square numbers planes fractions crosswords division routes polygons integration money unit fractions odd numbers probabilty triangles wordplay partitions folding tube maps pascal's triangle quadratics irreducible numbers cryptic crossnumbers percentages spheres games chalkdust crossnumber probability 2d shapes grids symmetry squares 3d shapes lines complex numbers multiples prime numbers means circles books perfect numbers crossnumbers cards triangle numbers taxicab geometry clocks graphs cube numbers digits shape surds chess sequences trigonometry averages remainders regular shapes square roots sport rugby menace palindromes area coins hexagons geometry algebra parabolas speed dice chocolate colouring bases addition coordinates## 6 December

\(p(x)\) is a quadratic with real coefficients. For all real numbers \(x\),

$$x^2+4x+14\leq p(x)\leq 2x^2+8x+18$$
\(p(2)=34\). What is \(p(6)\)?

## Between quadratics

Source: Luciano Rila (@DrTrapezio)

\(p(x)\) is a quadratic polynomial with real coefficients. For all real numbers \(x\),

$$x^2-2x+2\leq p(x)\leq 2x^2-4x+3$$
\(p(11)=181\). Find \(p(16)\).

## Bézier curve

A Bézier curve is created as follows:

1) A set of points \(P_0\), ..., \(P_n\) are chosen (in the example \(n=4\)).

2) A set of points \(Q_0\), ..., \(Q_{n-1}\) are defined by \(Q_i=t P_{i+1}+(1-t) P_i\) (shown in green).

3) A set of points \(R_0\), ..., \(R_{n-2}\) are defined by \(R_i=t Q_{i+1}+(1-t) Q_i\) (shown in blue).

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.

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\(n\)) After repeating the process \(n\) times, there will be one point. The Bézier curve is the path traced by this point at \(t\) varies between 0 and 1.

What is the Cartesian equation of the curve formed when:

$$P_0=\left(0,1\right)$$
$$P_1=\left(0,0\right)$$
$$P_2=\left(1,0\right)$$## Parabola

Source:

*Alex Through the Looking-Glass: How Life Reflects Numbers and Numbers Reflect Life*by Alex BellosOn a graph of \(y=x^2\), two lines are drawn at \(x=a\) and \(x=-b\) (for \(a,b>0\). The points where these lines intersect the parabola are connected.

What is the y-coordinate of the point where this line intersects the y-axis?

## Two lines

Let A and B be two straight lines such that the gradient of A is the y-intercept of B and the y-intercept of A is the gradient of B (the gradient and y-intercept of A are not the same). What are the co-ordinates of the point where the lines meet?

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**© Matthew Scroggs 2018**