# Puzzles

## Not Roman numerals

The letters \(I\), \(V\) and \(X\) each represent a different digit from 1 to 9. If

$$VI\times X=VVV,$$

what are \(I\), \(V\) and \(X\)?

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For any digit \(V\), \(VVV\) is a multiple of 111, and \(111=37\times3\). 37 is prime, so \(VI\) must be a multiple of 37 (as \(X\) is less than 10 so cannot be a multiple of 37). Therefore \(VI\) is either 37 or 74.

If \(VI\) was 74, then \(VVV\) is 777. But then \(VI\times X\) is even and \(VVV\) is odd. This is impossible, so \(VI\) must the 37.

Now that we know that \(VI\) is 37, we see that

$$37\times X=333,$$

and so \(X=9\) and the final solution is

$$37\times9=333.$$