# Sunday Afternoon Maths LVI

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#### Advent Calendar 2017

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What's the Star?#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LXI

XYZ#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LX

Where is Evariste?Bending a Straw

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time geometry 2d shapes 3d shapes numbers spheres trigonometry complex numbers algebra lines graphs coordinates odd numbers fractions differentiation calculus folding tube maps ellipses triangle numbers money bases triangles squares area square numbers chess probability circles averages speed sport multiples dates factors parabolas functions logic cards games people maths shape prime numbers irreducible numbers probabilty angles proportion dice integration sum to infinity dodecagons hexagons multiplication factorials coins shapes regular shapes colouring grids floors integers rugby crosswords percentages digits sums christmas rectangles clocks menace routes taxicab geometry remainders chalkdust crossnumber palindromes sequences means unit fractions division square roots surds doubling quadratics indices planes volume number partitions ave pascal's triangle mean advent symmetry arrows addition cube numbers star numbers perfect numbers**Posted on 2016-10-23**

## Blackboard Sums II

Source: Inspired by Problem Solving 101 by Stephen Muirhead (Chalkdust Magazine)

The numbers 1 to 20 are written on a blackboard. Each turn, you may erase two adjacent numbers, \(a\) and \(b\) (\(a\) is to the left of \(b\)) and write the difference \(a-b\)
in their place. You continue until only one number remains.

What is the largest number you can make?

## An Arm and a Leg

If 60% of people have lost an eye, 75% an ear, 80% an arm and 85% a leg, what is the least percentage of people that have lost all four?

If you enjoyed this puzzle, check out Sunday Afternoon Maths LXII,

puzzles about doubling, or a random puzzle.

puzzles about doubling, or a random puzzle.