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Posted on 2016-07-17
Cross Diagonal Cover Problem
Source: Gaurish Korpal
Draw with an \(m\times n\) rectangle, split into unit squares. Starting in the top left corner, move at 45° across the rectangle. When you reach the side, bounce off. Continue until you reach another corner of the rectangle:
How many squares will be coloured in when the process ends?
In each of these questions, positive integers should be taken to include 0.
1. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(3a+5b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?
2. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(3a+7b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?
3. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(10a+11b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?
4. Given \(n\) and \(m\), what is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(na+mb\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?
Source: Futility Closet
Three logicians, A, B and C, are wearing hats. Each has a strictly positive integer written on it. The number on one of the hats is the sum of the numbers on the other two.
The logicians say:
A: I don't know the number on my hat.
B: The number on my hat is 15.
Which numbers are on hats A and C?