# Sunday Afternoon Maths LIV

## Archive

Show me a Random Puzzle**Most Recent Collections**

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LIX

Turning SquaresElastic Numbers

Square Pairs

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LVIII

Factorial PatternPlacing Plates

#### Advent Calendar 2016

#### Sunday Afternoon Maths LVII

Largest Odd FactorsList of All Puzzles

## Tags

time geometry 2d shapes 3d shapes numbers spheres trigonometry complex numbers algebra lines graphs coordinates odd numbers fractions differentiation calculus folding tube maps ellipses triangle numbers money bases triangles squares area square numbers chess probability circles averages speed sport multiples dates factors parabolas functions logic cards games people maths shape prime numbers irreducible numbers probabilty angles proportion dice integration sum to infinity dodecagons hexagons multiplication factorials coins shapes regular shapes colouring grids floors integers rugby crosswords percentages digits sums rectangles clocks menace routes taxicab geometry remainders chalkdust crossnumber palindromes sequences means unit fractions division square roots surds doubling quadratics indices symmetry planes volume number partitions ave pascal's triangle mean advent arrows**Posted on 2016-07-17**

## Cross Diagonal Cover Problem

Source: Gaurish Korpal

Draw with an \(m\times n\) rectangle, split into unit squares. Starting in the top left corner, move at 45° across
the rectangle. When you reach the side, bounce off. Continue until you reach another corner of the rectangle:

How many squares will be coloured in when the process ends?

## Combining Multiples

In each of these questions, positive integers should be taken to include 0.

1. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(3a+5b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

2. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(3a+7b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

3. What is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(10a+11b\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

4. Given \(n\) and \(m\), what is the largest number that cannot be written in the form \(na+mb\), where \(a\) and \(b\) are positive integers?

## Hat Check

Source: Futility Closet

Three logicians, A, B and C, are wearing hats. Each has a strictly positive integer written on it. The number on one of the hats is the sum of the numbers on the other two.

The logicians say:

A: I don't know the number on my hat.

B: The number on my hat is 15.

Which numbers are on hats A and C?

If you enjoyed these puzzles, check out Sunday Afternoon Maths LIX,

puzzles about complex numbers, or a random puzzle.

puzzles about complex numbers, or a random puzzle.